Santali Myth Of Human Origins | World Creation

Santali Mythology Santali History

Hello visitors, ᱡᱚᱦᱟᱨ today on this blog post we are going to discuss the Traditional Santali Mythology of the Human Origins or you can say the Human Evolution and The Process of Creation of the World.

It is basically the Santali History which is being told from generation to generation. And now I have decided to give you a brief description of this Santali Traditional Myths of Gods which says about How Humans started living in this Earth and How they get evolved with time basically about Human Origins.

Storytelling is the best form of learning.  When we read theories we may or may not remember things that we learned. Or we may just mug up to remember things. But when we read or listen to stories, it is well etched in our minds because stories are amusing. In this blog, we will read a story about how the Santhals evolved. There is a Myth about the evolution of the Santhals.  The story goes like this.

According to the myth, the Santhals have descended from Pilchu Haram and Pilchi Budhi, the very first human beings to have taken birth on earth. Pilchu Haram and Pilchi Budhi are to Santhals what Adam and Eve are to Christians.

Early Human Santali History


Earth was just a body of water before any life form was born. Gods used to live in heaven. For bathing they would use ‘tole sutam’, the Godly string to come down to the earth. ‘Marang Buru’ or the Almighty, as we Santhals call Him, decided to create life forms on earth as He thought the earth was lacking living beings.

So He created turtles, crabs, catfish, lobsters, crocodiles, and earthworms. Since these animals lived under the water, the earth still seemed to be lacking life. And that is why Marang Buru created human beings statues out of the mud. And to give more finish, He left those statues to dry on Sun. Meanwhile, the Sun God ascended and mistakenly broke the statues.

Upon seeing the broken statues, Marang Buru diverted from the thought of making humans. So Marang Buru created two swans (a male and a female) from his body waste. But the swans could not be confined to only water. They had to stretch their activities to land. Marang Buru suggested them to take shelter on His shoulder, while He made the landmass.

He summoned all the aquatic animals and ordered them to carry soil from the ocean bed to the surface. First, the crocodile tried, but on his way up to the surface, dissolved the soil in water. Then a lobster named ‘Shole’ tried but couldn’t lift the soil with its claws. The catfish named ‘Raghab’ tried his turn only to drop the soil. The crab failed too. Finally, the earthworm named ‘Jhimali Rani’ came and said that his ability to carry soil depends on the turtle’s ability to stay in position. Reacting to this, Marang Buru tied the turtle’s legs intact.

Prehistoric Human Early Life Prehistoric Animals


The earthworm swallowed the soil and dropped the droppings on the turtle’s back. The tides eased the process. Eventually, the landmass was formed. The excess landmass was used to build mountains. Later Marang Buru sowed seeds on the landmass for vegetation. The swans shifted themselves to the landmass.

Marang Buru’s dream was fulfilled. Some days later the female swan laid two eggs. Surprisingly the hatchlings turned out to be human babies. Surprised at this, the swans ask Marang Buru as to how could they rear human babies. Marang Buru advised the swans to feed the babies with cotton soaked in the juice of the food the swans used to eat.

As the babies grew the swans became more concerned about space. A per Marang Buru’s suggestion the swans set out to find a place in the west. They found a place by the name ‘Hihiri Pipiri’. They took the babies to the place. The humans found ample food and space to live there. The two humans grew up to be known as Pilchu Haram and Pilchu Budhi.

Yes, the very Pilchu Haram and Pilchu Budhi we know about. Marang Buru himself would occasionally come down in human form to look after the two. The intention to form a human society required the only two present human beings to mate. But the two human beings present were siblings.

Santali History


How could they mate? For that reason, Marang Buru made alcohol which we term as ‘handia’ in Santali language and tricked Pilchu Haram and Pilchu Budhi into consuming it, stating that it is an edible food. Handia made the two high, making them forget their relationship and mate.

The following day when Marang Buru visited them, the two felt too ashamed to get out of their home and prompted that they had been tricked into doing something wrong. Marang Buru consoled them saying that they had not done anything wrong and that their mating was necessary to form a human society. That incident brought them the pride of becoming parents.

They became parents to seven boys and seven girls. Considering the fact that their children would commit the same mistake as them, they decided to keep that boys and girls separated. Pilchu Budhi led the girls to gather leaves and firewoods whereas Pilchu Haram led the boys to gather fruits and hunting.

One day the young boys and girls went out unattended. The girls were merry making under the shade of a tree. The boys were just returning from hunting. The ‘Bir’ or the forest was filled with the alluring tune of the song sung by the young girls. The boys were attracted to the song. They were wooed by the charm of the girls thus forgetting their own selves.

They indulged themselves in the merry making with the girls. In the process, the boys and girls established themselves as partners or couples. The elder boy with elder girls, the youngest boy with the youngest girl and so on. Pilchu Haram and Pilchu Budhi realized that it was the Marang Buru’s will. Accordingly, the elderly couple assigned different castes to different couples.

The elder son was assigned the surname ‘Hansda’, the second son in order was assigned the surname ‘Murmu’. In this order, the surnames assigned were ‘Kisku’, ‘Hembram’, ‘Marndi’, ‘Soren’ and ‘Tudu’.

Santali Mythology Santali History Human Origins


Since then, Pilchu Haram and Pilchu Budhi alerted everyone else to take precaution to not commit the mistake in times to come. But every advice went in vain. To punish the sins of the humans Marang Buru rained fire. At that time Pilchu Haram and Pilchu Budhi had taken shelter in a cave in the ‘Harta Bir’ or forest.

There Pilchu Haram and Pilchu Budhi had another set of children. And thus more castes with surnames as ‘Baskey’, ‘Besra’, ‘Pauria’, ‘Chone’ and ‘Bedeya’ were formed. And in this way, the Santali tribe increased in numbers.

Article Credit: Santali Blog

So, this was all about the Santali Mythology of Human Origins and The Creation Of World. I Hope you liked it. Thank You.ᱡᱚᱦᱟᱨ

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1 Comments

  1. The HITAL written by Pandit Raghu Nath Murmu tells the creation of the universe and lives just like the. Big Bang Theory of creation

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